But Christianity has raised the term above the haughty self-sufficiency of the heathen Stoic to the contentment of the Christian, whose sufficiency is not in self, but in God ( 2 Corinthians 3:5 , 1 Timothy 6:6 1 Timothy 6:8 , Hebrews 13:5 ; compare Jeremiah 2:36 , 45:5 ). "Glory" is the element in which His rich grace operates; and it will be the element IN which He will "supply fully all your need." through--rather as Greek, "in Christ Jesus." Read Philippians 4 commentary using Wesley's Explanatory Notes. 1. All the saints greet you, but especially those who are of Caesar’s household. "Wherefore"; since we have such a glorious hope ( Philippians 3:20 Philippians 3:21 ). The apostle ends with praises to God. a. And--Greek, "Yea." The apostle had no design to urge them to give more, but to encourage such kindness as will meet a glorious reward hereafter. Believers are to get and to keep a good name; a name for good things with God and good men. Let their enemies perceive how moderate they were as to outward things, and how composedly they suffered loss and hardships. Let this grace "be known" to men in acts; let "your requests be made to God" in word ( Philippians 4:6 ). of God--coming from God, and resting in God ( John 14:27 , 16:33 , Colossians 3:15 ). in the Lord--He views everything with reference to Christ. In selecting the first teachers, those first converted would naturally be fixed on. seen--though ye have not as yet sufficiently "learned" them [BENGEL]. There is difference of gifts and graces, yet, being renewed by the same Spirit, we are brethren. Supplication, to avert ills; a special term, suppliant entreaty thanksgiving--for every event, prosperity and affliction alike ( 1 Thessalonians 5:18 , 5:13 ). be known--that is, in your conduct to others, let nothing inconsistent with "moderation" be seen. All Rights Reserved. these practice"; the things which besides recommending them in words, have been also recommended by my example, carry into practice. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Not only stated times for prayer, but in every thing by prayer. Or else the Greek, "Sunzugus," or "Synzygus," is a proper name: "Who art truly, as thy name means, a yoke-fellow." And--The inseparable consequence of thus laying everything before God in "prayer with thanksgiving." I can do all things--Greek, "I have strength for all things"; not merely "how to be abased and how to abound." alway--even amidst the afflictions now distressing you ( Philippians 1:28-30 ). ye did communicate with my affliction--that is, ye made yourselves sharers with me in my present affliction, namely, by sympathy; of which sympathy your contribution is the proof. - Rejoice in the Lord alway; and again I say, Rejoice; rather, as R.V., again I will say. a. The way to have the God of peace with us, is to keep close to our duty. 15. through Christ which strengtheneth me--The oldest manuscripts omit "Christ"; then translate, "In Him who giveth me power," that is, by virtue of my living union and identification with Him, who is my strength ( Galatians 2:20 ). To him, the Christian life begins and ends with the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, so it was appropriate that his letters began and ended with grace also. Now to our God and Father be glory forever and ever. Verse 4. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. 4. Clement--bishop of Rome shortly after the death of Peter and Paul. Translate, "It is not that I seek after the gift, but I do seek after the fruit that aboundeth to your account"; what I do seek is your spiritual good, in the abounding of fruits of your faith which shall be put down to your account, against the day of reward ( Hebrews 6:10 ). There are three final exhortations: (a) to unity (Philippians 4:1-3); (b) to joy (Philippians 4:4-7); and (c) to conformity with all that is good after the apostle's model (Philippians 4:8-9).II. in glory--These words belong to the whole sentence. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. when I departed from Macedonia--( Acts 17:14 ). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Let . David Guzik commentary on Philippians 4, where Paul exhorts the church to stand fast and to have peace and joy in all circumstances. Euodia and Syntyche were doubtless two of "the women who resorted to the riverside, where prayer was wont to be made" ( Acts 16:13 ), and being early converted, would naturally take an active part in teaching other women called at a later period; of course not in public preaching, but in a less prominent sphere ( 1 Timothy 2:11 1 Timothy 2:12 ). Harshness to others (the opposite of "moderation") would be taking into our own hands prematurely the prerogatives of judging, which belongs to the Lord alone ( 1 Corinthians 4:5 ); and so provoking God to judge us by the strict letter of the law ( james 2:12 james 2:13 ). 2 Corinthians 11:8 2 Corinthians 11:9 thus accords with the passage here, the dates assigned to the donation in both Epistles agreeing; namely, "in the beginning of the Gospel" here, and there, at the time of his first visit to Corinth [PALEY, Horæ Paulinæ]. We should look upon God, under all our weakness and fears, not as an enemy, but as a Father, disposed to pity us and help us. 23. The archetype of this grace is God, who presses not the strictness of His law against us as we deserve ( Psalms 130:3 Psalms 130:4 ); though having exacted the fullest payment for us from our Divine Surety. hath flourished again--Greek, "Ye have flourished again (revived, as trees sprouting forth again in spring) in your care for me." This peace will keep our hearts and minds through Christ Jesus; it will keep us from sinning under troubles, and from sinking under them; keep us calm and with inward satisfaction. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. 3. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. again--as he had already said, "Rejoice" ( Philippians 3:1 ). We must give glory to God as a Father. All the saints greet you, but especially those who are of Caesar’s household: This special greeting is evidence that Paul was still used by God during his Roman imprisonment, when the gospel extended even into the household of Caesar. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all: Paul did not say this to simply fill up space at the end of his letter. These are works of God, pertaining to God, and to him only are they to be ascribed, and to no other, neither men, words, nor deeds. Despise not anything that is good in itself; only let it keep its due place. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Care and prayer are as mutually opposed as fire and water [BENGEL]. of good report--referring to the absent ( Philippians 1:27 ); as "lovely" refers to what is lovable face to face. Exercise "forbearance" even to your persecutors. 16. even in Thessalonica--"even" as early as when I had got no further than Thessalonica, ye sent me supplies for my necessities more than once. passeth--surpasseth, or exceedeth, all man's notional powers of understanding its full blessedness ( 1 Corinthians 2:9 1 Corinthians 2:10 , Ephesians 3:20 ; compare Proverbs 3:17 ). true yoke-fellow--yoked with me in the same Gospel yoke ( Matthew 11:29 Matthew 11:30 ; compare 1 Timothy 5:17 1 Timothy 5:18 ). As a remedy against perplexing care, constant prayer is recommended. which laboured with me--"inasmuch as they labored with me." Verse 1. Literally, as English Version, "I abound" over and above my needs. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. 11. The brethren who are with me greet you. unto all men--even to the "perverse" ( Philippians 2:15 ), that so ye may win them. He writes again the same things (see Philippians 2:1); he will say it again, he. But "now" to pass to another subject. Not a precept to make a display of moderation. i. And in a low state not to lose our comfort in God, nor distrust his providence, nor take any wrong course for our own supply. 6. ( Isaiah 61:10 .) 2. Amen--The oldest manuscripts read, "Be with your spirit," and omit "Amen.". It more than outweighs all causes for sorrow. Summary of all his exhortations as to relative duties, whether as children or parents, husbands or wives, friends, neighbors, men in the intercourse of the world, &c. true--sincere, in words. peace--the dispeller of "anxious care" ( Philippians 4:6 ). Anciently, free cities had a roll book containing the names of all those having the right of citizenship (compare Exodus 32:32 , Psalms 69:28 , Ezekiel 13:9 , Daniel 12:1 , Revelation 20:12 , 21:27 ). Paul genuinely wanted God to be glorified and was willing to be used in whatever way God saw fit to glorify Himself (Philippians 1:20). longed for--"yearned after" in your absence ( Philippians 1:8 ). according to his riches--The measure of His supply to you will be the immeasurable "riches of His grace" ( Ephesians 1:7 ). I say--Greek, rather, "I will say.". let your requests be made known unto God--with generous, filial, unreserved confidence; not keeping aught back, as too great, or else too small, to bring before God, though you might feel so as to your fellow men. Joy in the Lord raises us above rigorism towards others ( Philippians 4:5 ), and carefulness ( Philippians 4:6 ) as to one's own affairs. He here guards against their thinking from what he has just said, that he makes light of their bounty. The apostle is for an example. (2-9) Expresses contentment in every condition of life. God and our Father--Translate, "Unto our God and Father." [MEYER]. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. . of ALFORD thinks that the Clement here was a Philippian, and not necessarily Clement, bishop of Rome. Proud member wherein ye were also careful--in respect to which (revival, namely, the sending of a supply to me) "ye were also (all along) careful, but ye lacked opportunity"; whether from want of means or want of a messenger. ye only--We are not to wait for others in a good work, saying, "I will do so, when others do it." Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Commentary on Philippians 4:10-19 (Read Philippians 4:10-19) It is a good work to succour and help a good minister in trouble. It is in Christ that we are "kept" or "guarded" secure. . The Philippians invested their bounty well since it got them such a glorious return. Piety and true morality are inseparable. (20-23). ( Galatians 6:18 ). . The nature of true Christian sympathy, is not only to feel concern for our friends in their troubles, but to do what we can to help them. But--transitional conjunction. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that.