They were typically very long and narrow, and were very fast. The julmuri (first mate) is in charge of the crew and also controls the rudder (bausan). Salisipan are auxiliary vessels that accompany larger motherships like pangajava, garay, and lanong. In the 18th and 19th centuries, they were commonly used for piracy by the Banguingui and Iranun people against unarmed trading ships and raids on coastal settlements in the regions surrounding the Sulu Sea. Their bases can partially revolve, which allowed them to be raised or lowered as needed. Padewakang were used for long distance voyages serving the south Sulawesi kingdoms. They were mainly used for piracy and for raids on coastal areas. The … Vinta are used as fishing vessels, cargo ships, and houseboats. Most modern trimarans are sailing yachts designed for recreation or racing; others are ferries or warships. They are sometimes also known by the more general terms vinta, baroto, or kakap. At the sides of the hull were overhanging catwalks, about 1 to 2 ft (0.30 to 0.61 m) in width. These platforms were defended by rows of fixed shields. A Lancaran is a type of sailing ship used in the Nusantara archipelago. Salisipan are long and narrow war canoes, with or without outriggers, of the Iranun and Banguingui people of the Philippines. , Lanong could sail long distances and attacked ships as far as the Straits of Malacca and Java. Bangka were also spelled as banca, panca, or panga in Spanish. Numerous accounts were recorded during this period from escaped slaves. They differed from garay in the width of their beams (penjajap were extremely narrow), and the fact that large penjajap usually had outriggers and two layar tanja sails. Though the term used is the same throughout the Philippines, "bangka" can refer to a very diverse range of boats specific to different regions.   The largest garay were around 70 to 80 ft (21 to 24 m) long and could carry up to 80 men, but most garay averaged at 60 to 70 ft (18 to 21 m) with around 60 men. Vinta are characterized by their colorful rectangular lug sails (bukay) and bifurcated prows and sterns, which resemble the gaping mouth of a crocodile.  , Garay were lightly-armed, in comparison to the lanong. Joanga or juanga is Spanish for "junk". They can range from small dugout canoes to large plank-built vessels. However, the projecting catwalks can function as a sort of outrigger in instances where the hull was flooded, keeping the ship afloat. The raids were either mounted independently or under the orders of the Sultanate of Sulu and the Sultanate of Maguindanao, whom the Iranun and Banguingui were subjects of. The sheer scale of the raids led to the disruption and cessation of traditional trade routes in the Sulu Sea. They are typically equipped with woven shields of nipathat could be propped along the sides to protect the rowers against arrows. They are sometimes also known by the more general terms vinta, baroto, or kakap. Because of the continual wars between Spain and the Moro people, the areas in and around the Sulu Sea became a haven for piracy which was not suppressed until the beginning of the 20th century. Double-outriggers are derived from the older catamaran and single-outrigger boat designs. From 1774 to 1794, it is estimated that around 100 to 200 ships were launched annually from the Sulu Sea to raid the surrounding areas. Most garay were built in the shipyards of Parang, Sulu in the late 18th century. Salisipan are auxiliary vessels that accompany larger motherships like pangajava, garay, and lanong. Price: $12.00 Most of the length of the ship was covered by a house-like structure roofed with nipa leaves. Their presence was usually indicative of a larger raiding fleet nearby. Rowers in lanong were composed entirely of previously captured male slaves, and it was not uncommon for rowers to die during long cruises due to exhaustion.  , They were also propelled by oars. Karakoa were large outrigger warships from the Philippines. Bangka are various native watercraft of the Philippines. Piracy in the Sulu Sea historically occurred in the vicinity of Mindanao, where frequent acts of piracy were committed against the Spanish. It is typically small in size and propelled using oar or paddle. Following the end of World War II, piracy in the Sulu Sea reemerged as a phenomenon that persists to this day. They are propelled by rowers, steered by an oar at the stern, and are light enough to be hauled ashore. A galley is a type of ship that is propelled mainly by rowing. Salisipan Stiletto shaped and rowed at high speed, this was another favorite of the Iranun and Banguingui Pirates, but could be found in the fleets of others. They were mainly used for piracy and for raids on coastal areas. They had a single tripod main-mast made of three bamboo poles, which was rigged with a large rectangular sail with tilted upper corners (a layar tanja ). However, for long distance voyages, this boat can be equipped with sails. Banguingui, also known as Sama Banguingui or Samal Banguingui is a distinct ethno-linguistic group native to the Balanguingui Islands but also dispersed throughout the Greater Sulu Archipelago and southern and western coastal regions of the Zamboanga Peninsula in Mindanao, Philippines. They also had a foremast and sometimes a mizzenmast, which were rigged with smaller triangular crab claw sails. Padewakang were traditional boats used by the Bugis, Mandar, and Makassar people of South Sulawesi. They had a much broader beam and a somewhat round hull with a shallow draft. The galley is characterized by its long, slender hull, shallow draft, and low freeboard. Even smaller garay also existed with an average crew (sakay) of 25 to 30 men. It is not the same as prahu kalulis of the eastern part of the Indonesian archipelago. It is estimated that in between 1770 to 1870, around 200,000 to 300,000 people were enslaved by the raiders. They are also sometimes used as auxiliary vessels to larger warships for piracy and coastal raids. Penjajap, also pangajava or pangayaw, were native outrigger warships used by several Austronesian ethnic groups in maritime Southeast Asia. Some ships carry square sails on each mast—the brig and full-rigged ship, said to be "ship-rigged" when there are three or more masts. Tanja sail or tanja rig is a type of sail commonly used by the Malay people and other Austronesians, particularly in Maritime Southeast Asia.  Large garay can serve as motherships to smaller salisipan (a covered banca , shielded against arrows and spears), which could carry an additional 15 people. , Spanish authorities and native Christian Filipinos responded to the Moro slave raids by building watchtowers and forts across the Philippine archipelago. Female captives, however, were usually treated better. Large karakoa, which could carry hundreds of rowers and warriors, were known as joangas by the Spanish. The Battle off Mukah was a naval engagement fought in 1862 between the navy of Sarawak and pirates. Garay were also sometimes referred to generically as panco (bangka). There were no recorded accounts of rapes, though some were starved for discipline. It can also refer to other large native ships in Southeast Asia, including: Lanong were large outrigger warships used by the Iranun and the Banguingui people of the Philippines. Lanong were large outrigger warships used by the Iranun and the Banguingui people of the Philippines. Salisipan are long and narrow war canoes, with or without outriggers, of the Iranun and Banguingui people of the Philippines. They are propelled by rowers, steered by an oar at the stern, and are light enough to be hauled ashore. History. Salisipan resemble a long and narrow bangka that sit low on the water. , Unlike the captives of traditional raiders in the rest of the Philippines (who were treated as bondsmen, rather than true slaves), male captives of the Iranun and the Banguingui were treated brutally, even fellow Muslim captives were not spared. They were used by native Filipinos, notably the Kapampangans and the Visayans, during seasonal sea raids. They were rigged with tanja sails. , Garay were led by a nakura or nakuda (commander) who in turn is led by a squadron leader, the panglima. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia. Like the garay and penjajap, lanong usually served as motherships to smaller salisipan war-canoes. , Like the garay and penjajap, lanong usually served as motherships to smaller salisipan war-canoes. The Iranun are a Moro ethnic group native to Mindanao, Philippines, and the west coast of Sabah. The oars were arranged into one to three banks on each side, one on top of the other. They are one of the ethnic groups usually collectively known as the Sama-Bajau peoples. Smaller undecorated versions of the vinta used for fishing are known as tondaan. . The ship did not have a central rudder, but had two steering oars located near the stern. During the early 19th century, Banguingui garay squadrons regularly plagued the straits of southern Palawan from the months of March to November each year. After the kidnapping of Sarawakian citizens some time before, their navy dispatched two small warships which encountered the pirates off Mukah on the northern coast of Borneo. Lanong could sail long distances and attacked ships as far as the Straits of Malacca and Java. At the sides of the hull were overhanging catwalks, about 1 to 2 ft (0.30 to 0.61 m) in width. They were specialized for naval battles. , Lanong can reach up to 30 m (98 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) wide amidships. He died before 1640, and was succeeded by Sultan Nasirud Din II and Sultan Salahud Din Karamat. Major command posts were built in Manila, Cavite, Cebu, Iloilo, Zamboanga, and Iligan. They could reach up to 30 m (98 ft) in length and had two biped shear masts which doubled as boarding ladders. Their presence was usually indicative of a larger raiding fleet nearby. Their presence was usually indicative of a larger raiding fleet nearby. They raided coastal areas in northern Borneo for slaves as well as cut off trade into the Sultanate of Brunei. They are typically equipped with woven shields of nipa that could be propped along the sides to protect the rowers against arrows. They became notorious from the mid-18th century to the early 19th century for the raids and piracy (magooray) in most of Southeast Asia.